Binaca Geetmala

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Binaca Geetmala was a Radio Show that ranked Bollywood Hindi Songs. The show started on 3 December 1952 and was initially broadcasted from 8 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.

Binaca Geetmala started broadcasting in 1952 on Radio Ceylon and lasted until 1988. After 1988, the program shifted to Vividh Bharati of All India Radio. The show continued until 1994.

Contents:

  1. Brief History
  2. Binaca Geetmala and Ameen Sayani
  3. Popularity Rating Method
  4. Top Song Every Year (1953 to 1993)
  5. Binaca Geetmala Silver Jubilee
  6. Binaca Geetmala-History and Aim
  7. Radio Ceylon
  8. Changes in the Binaca Geetmala
  9. Annual Lists (1953-1993)
  10. End of the Show

Binaca Geetmala-A Brief History

Geetmala, popularly known as Binaca Geetmala was the show was the very first countdown show of Hindi Cinema Songs and became immensely popular not only in India but also in many foreign countries.

Ameen Sayani hosted the Geetmala throughout its entire run and gained immense popularity. Binaca Geetmala is considered the most popular radio show on Bollywood Film songs during its run.

Binaca Geetmala was a weekly show aired on Radio Ceylon every Wednesday from 8 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. Later the time duration increased from half an hour to one hour, from 8 p.m. to 9 p.m.

Geetmala did not intend to rank songs initially. Thus, seven contemporary Hindi songs were part of the first show. Those songs were not in a particular order. Later the program started ranking the most popular Hindi film songs.

Popularity Rating Method

In the beginning, a combination of gramophone records sold by certain selected shops and listeners’ votes decided the popularity of Hindi songs. Afterward, hundreds of Listener Clubs (Shrota-Sangh) [à€¶à„à€°à„‹à€€à€Ÿ à€žà€‚à€˜] situated in various cities became part of the voting system.

Every week, the Shorta Sanghs used to prepare a list of popular songs after discussing them with their respective members. The reason behind including these Shrota-Sanghs was to get the public intent towards a record by those who do/can not buy the gramophone records.

Some representatives, on behalf of film producers, also used to check the list before finalizing the same. Shriram Bohra, B.R. Chopra, and G.P. Sippy were some of the producers who acted on behalf of the producers.

Top Song Every Year (1953 to 1993)

Here is the list of Top Songs (Songs ranked #1) in the Annual List of Binaca Geetmala:

List of Top (Ranked #1) Song of Binaca Geetmala

  1. Ranked #1 Songs 1950s
  2. Ranked #1 Songs 1960s
  3. Ranked #1 Songs 1970s
  4. Ranked #1Songs 1980s
  5. Ranked #1 Songs 1990s

Binaca Geetmla Top Most Songs (Ranked #1) of 1950s

YearSongFilm NameSingerMusic ComposerLyricist
1953Ye Zindagi Usi Ki HaiAnarkaliLata MangeshkarC. RamchandraRajendra Krishan
1954Jayen To Jayen KahaanTaxi DriverTalat MahmoodS.D. BurmanSahir Ludhianv
1955Mera Joota Hai JapaniShree 420MukeshShankar-JaikishanShailendra
1956Ae Dil Hai Mushkil Jeena YahaanC.I.D.Mohammed Rafi, Geeta DuttO. P. NayyarMajrooh Sultanpuri
1957Zara Saamne To Aao ChhaliyeJanam Janam Ke PhereLata Mangeshkar, Mohammed RafiS. N. TripathiBharat Vyas
1958Hai Apna Dil Toh AwaraSolva SaalHemant KumarS.D. BurmanMajrooh Sultanpuri
1959Haal Kaisa Hai Janaab KaChalti Ka Naam GaadiKishore Kumar, Asha BhosleS.D. BurmanMajrooh Sultanpuri
Top Bollywood Filmy Songs 1953 to 1959

Binaca Geetmla Top Songs (Ranked #1) of 1960s

YearSongFilm NameSingerMusic ComposerLyricist
1960Zindagi Bhar Nai Bhoolegi Wo Barsaat Ki RaatBarsaat Ki RaatMohammed RafiRoshanSahir Ludhianvi
1961Teri Pyaari Pyaari Soorat KoSasuralMohammed RafiShankar-JaikishanHasrat Jaipuri
1962Ehsaan Tera Hoga Mujh ParJungleeMohammed RafiShankar-JaikishanHasrat Jaipuri
1963Jo Waada Kiya Wo Nibhana PadegaTaj MahalMohammed Rafi, Lata MangeshkarRoshanSahir Ludhianvi
1964Bol Radha Bol Sangam Hoga Ke NahiSangamMukesh, VyjayanthimalaShankar-JaikishanShailendra
1965Jis Dil Mein Basa Tha Pyar TeraSaheliMukeshKalyanji AnandjiIndeevar
1966Baharon Phool Barsao Mera Mehboob Aaya HaiSurajMohammed RafiShankar-JaikishanHasrat Jaipuri
1967Saawan Ka Maheena Pawan Kare SorMilanMukesh, Lata MangeshkarLaxmikant–PyarelalAnand Bakshi
1968Dil Vil Pyar Vyar Main Kya Janoo RaShagirdLata MangeshkarLaxmikant–PyarelalMajrooh Sultanpuri
1969Kaise Rahoon Chup Ki Maine Pee Hi Kya HaiInteqamLata MangeshkarLaxmikant–PyarelalRajendra Krishna
Top Bollywood Filmy Songs 1960 to 1969

Binaca Geetmla Top Songs (Ranked #1) of 1970s

YearSongFilm NameSingerMusic ComposerLyricist
1970Bindiya Chamkegi Choodi KhankegiDo RaasteLata MangeshkarLaxmikant–PyarelalAnand Bakshi
1971Zindagi Ek Safar Hai SuhanaAndazKishore Kumar, Asha BhosleShankar-JaikishanHasrat Jaipuri
1972Dum Maaro Dum Mit Jaye GhamHare Raama Hare KrishnaAsha Bhosle, Usha IyerR. D. BurmanAnand Bakshi
1973Yaari Hai Imaan Mera Yaar Meri ZindagiZanjeerManna DeyKalyanji Anandji
Gulshan Bawra
1974Mera Jeewan Kora KaagazKora KagazKishore KumarKalyanji AnandjiM.G. Hashmat
1975Mehnagaayi Maar GayiRoti Kapada Aur MakaanMukesh,
Lata Mangeshkar,
Narendra Chanchal,
Jaani Babu Qawwal
Laxmikant–PyarelalVarma Malik
1976Kabhi Kabhi Mere Dil MeKabhi KabhieMukesh, Lata MangeshkarKhayyamSahir Ludhianvi
1977Husn Hazir Hai Mohabbat Ki SazaLaila MajnuLata MangeshkarMadan MohanSahir Ludhianvi
1978Ankhyon Ke Jharokhon SeAnkhiyon Ke Jharokhon SeHemlataRavindra JainRavindra Jain
1979O Sathi Re Tere Bina Bhi Kya JeenaMuqaddar Ka SikandarKishore KumarKalyanji AnandjiAnjaan
Top Bollywood Filmy Songs 1970 to 1979

Binaca Geetmla Top Songs (Ranked #1) of of 1980s

YearSongFilm NameSingerMusic ComposerLyricist
1980Dafli Wale Dafli BajaSargamLata MangeshkarLaxmikant–PyarelalAnand Bakshi
1981Mere Angane MeLaawarisAmitabh Bachchan, Alka YagnikKalyanji AnandjiAnjaan
1982Angrezi Mein Kehte HainKhud-DaarKishore Kumar, Lata MangeshkarRajesh RoshanMajrooh Sultanpuri
1983Shayad Meri ShaadiSoutenKishore Kumar, Lata MangeshkarUsha KhannaSaawan Kumar
1984Tu Mera Hero HaiHeroAnuradha Paudwal, Manhar UdhasLaxmikant–PyarelalAnand Bakshi
1985Sun Sahiba SunRam Teri Ganga MailiLata MangeshkarRavindra JainRavindra Jain
1986Yashoda Ka NandlalaSanjogLata MangeshkarLaxmikant–PyarelalAnjaan
1987Chitthi Aayi HaiNaamPankaj UdhasLaxmikant–PyarelalAnand Bakshi
1988Papa Kehte HainQayamat Se Qayamat TakUdit NarayanAnand-MilindMajrooh Sultanpuri
1989My Name Is LakhanRam LakhanMohammed AzizLaxmikant–PyarelalAnand Bakshi
Top Bollywood Filmy Songs 1980 to 1989

Binaca Geetmla Top Songs (Ranked #1) of 1990s (till 1993)

YearSongFilm NameSingerMusic ComposerLyricist
1990Gori Hai KalaiyaanAaj Ka ArjunLata Mangeshkar, Shabbir KumarBappi LahiriAnjaan
1991Dekha Hai Pehli BaarSaajanAlka Yagnik, S P BalasubramanyamNadeem-ShravanSameer
1992Maine Pyar Tumhi Se
Phool Aur KaanteKumar Sanu, Anuradha PaudwalNadeem-ShravanSameer
1993Choli Ke Peechhe Kya HaiKhalnayakKishore Kumar, Lata MangeshkarLaxmikant-PyarelalAnand Bakshi
Top Bollywood Filmy Songs 1990 to 1993

Binaca Geetmala and Ameen Sayani

Binaca Geetmala was very popular, and so was its presenter Ameen Sayani. His mesmerizing voice kept the Geetmala warm and enchanting throughout its entire run.

The 100 songs with commentary from Ameen Sayani’s Geetmala (Volume 1) were uploaded on YouTube on 15 December 2017. In the show, Ameen Sayani confessed that he started Geetmala for merely Rs. 25/- in 1952. He received an extra Rs. 100/- for every annual list.

Ameen Sayani also accepted that he had not a good command of the Hindi Language. However, he hosted Binaca Geetmala throughout its runtime from 1952 to 1954 and made it immensely successful.

The popularity of Binaca Geetmala

Geetmala had its listenership ranging from ten lakh to twenty lakh. The listenership range implies how popular it was in India. The massive popularity of Binaca Geetmala made the Radio Cyclon more popular. After that, the Radio Cyclone became the essential source of Indian Film Music for Indian and Indian subcontinent audiences.

Silver Jubilee of Binaca Geetmala

Geetmala celebrated its silver jubilee on 12 December 1977. Since the Geetmala belonged to the music industry, many renowned Singers, Lyricists, and Music composers gathered in Bombay (now Mumbai) on the occasion of the Silver Jubilee of Binaca Geetmala.

Two sets (volumes) of gramophone records were released during the Silver Jubilee of Binaca Geetmala. These records contained top Bollywood songs from 1953 to 1977.

Volume I contained Top Bollywood Songs from 1953 to 1964, and Volume II had Top Bollywood Songs from 1965 to 1977. The mesmerizing voice of Ameen Sayani was also a part of these records.

History of the Show and the aim to start the Geetmala

In General Election 1952, the Indian National Congress party emerged as the biggest winner and had a landslide victory. B. V. Keskar became the Information and Broadcasting Ministry (I&B).

Mr. Keskar was against the westernization of Indian filmy songs and supported Indian classical ones only. He forced the audiences to listen to only Indian Classical songs. To make it practically feasible, Mr. Kelkar made a ban on filmy songs on All India Radio (AIR). He also proposed that Indian citizens should hear traditional music only.

Mr. Keskar wanted to air only songs that contain the sound of Sitar, Tanpura, and Flute instead of drum, guitar, and any other western music instrument.

Mr. Keskar ordered a mandatory scan for all songs before they aired on All India Radio. He further imposed a quota of 10 percent of all program time.

Further, the minister ensured that even if a Filmy song aired, the film’s name would not be announced because he considered its advertising.

This act of the minister joined the film industry together. They raised their voices against the minister and his policies. 

The Broadcasting film producers decided to withdraw the broadcasting licenses given to All India Radio (AIR) consequence of the decision of the Ministry of Information. It resulted in a complete blackout of filmy songs on AIR for around three months.

Expansion of Radio Ceylon

During the era of the non-airing of filmy songs, Radio Ceylon found an opportunity. Accordingly, Radio Ceylon planned a show for ranking Bollywood film songs that resulted in the renowned show Geetmala, popularly known as Binaca Geetmala.

The show was dedicated to Bollywood Filmy Songs. The Host & Presenter, Ameen Sayani, made it more interesting. He made his style commentary and used to give filmy details during the interval between two songs. His unique style helped the show to become more popular.

Changes in the Geetmala

  1. Binaca Geetmala became Cibaca Geetmala in the year 1986. The show aired on 21 May 1986 with the new name Cibaca Geetmala.
  2. Binaca Geetmala started airing on Wednesday from 8 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. on 3 December 1952.
    • Later the time duration increased the Binaca Geetmala started airing from 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. (one hour) every Wednesday.
    • On 27 October 1988 the time slot changed from Wednesday to Thursday from 9 p.m. to 10 p.m. instead of 8 p.m. to 9 p.m.
  3. From 1952 to 1982, only filmy songs remained part of Binaca Geetmala. Two non-filmy songs also became part of the Binaca Geetmala 1981.

Annual List of Binaca Geetmala

Geetmala started the year-end lists, compiled based on points earned by songs throughout the year. Here is a list of the Annual List of Binaca Geetmala from 1952 to 1994.

Binaca Geetmala 1952-1994

Binaca Geetmala Show 1950s
Binaca Geetmala 1952Binaca Geetmala 1953
Binaca Geetmala 1954Binaca Geetmala 1955
Binaca Geetmala 1956Binaca Geetmala 1957
Binaca Geetmala 1958Binaca Geetmala 1959
Binaca Geetmala Show 1960s
Binaca Geetmala 1960Binaca Geetmala 1961
Binaca Geetmala 1962Binaca Geetmala 1963
Binaca Geetmala 1964Binaca Geetmala 1965
Binaca Geetmala 1966Binaca Geetmala 1967
Binaca Geetmala 1968Binaca Geetmala 1969
Binaca Geetmala Show 1970s
Binaca Geetmala 1970Binaca Geetmala 1971
Binaca Geetmala 1972Binaca Geetmala 1973
Binaca Geetmala 1974Binaca Geetmala 1975
Binaca Geetmala 1976Binaca Geetmala 1977
Binaca Geetmala 1978Binaca Geetmala 1979
Binaca Geetmala Show 1980s
Binaca Geetmala 1980Binaca Geetmala 1981
Binaca Geetmala 1982Binaca Geetmala 1983
Binaca Geetmala 1984Binaca Geetmala 1985
Binaca Geetmala 1986Binaca Geetmala 1987
Binaca Geetmala 1988Binaca Geetmala 1989
Binaca Geetmala Show 1990s
Binaca Geetmala 1990Binaca Geetmala 1911
Binaca Geetmala 1992Binaca Geetmala 1993

End of the show

The last show of Binaca (Cibaca) Geetmala aired on 4 April 1994. However, the show made an unforgettable impact on the music industry and undoubtedly remained the Top Radio Show for forty years. Geetmala Geetmala will always remain memorable in the heart of Indian music lovers.

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